Why Maoism?

In the development of Marxist science assessment of the
contributions of Mao Tse-tung is not an academic question or a
superfluous mental exercise. It is a question of understanding
Marxism in its present stage of development in full measure as a
guiding principle for new Proletarian Revolutions. It is a question
of understanding the point that when we say today that Marxism-
Leninism and Mao thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is our
guiding principle then what does it mean and what is its
significance? Reflecting on Maoism as a noun is basically a question
of reflecting on the point that whether it is possible for any party to
ignore the teachings of the foremost milestone of Proletarian
Revolution that was established in the form of Great Proletarian
Cultural Revolution under the guidance and leadership of Mao, and
still be able to carry forward a Socialist Revolution and prevent
capitalist restoration? It is a question as to whether or not Marxist
science was enriched throughout by the experiment of Proletarian
Cultural Revolution and also whether or not the acceptance or nonacceptance
of Proletarian Cultural Revolution is the dividing line
between Marxism and Revisionism?


Some comrades do not like to think much
about difficulties. But difficulties are
facts; we must recognize as many
difficulties as there are and should not
adopt a “policy of non-recognition”. We
must recognize difficulties, analyse them
and combat them. There are no straight
roads in the world; we must be prepared
to follow a road which twists and turns
and not try to get things on the cheap. It
must not be imagined that one fine
morning all the reactionaries will go down
on their knees of their own accord. In a
word, while the prospects are bright, the
road has twists and turns.
— Mao Tse-tung


Publisher’s Note
The present essay was published in the Hindi journal
‘Dayitvabodh’ in its January-April 1994 issue. It was reprinted as a
booklet in Hindi in 1996 and several editions have been brought out
since then. We have felt the need for an English edition since a long
time but it has taken a long time to come out.
It discusses the historical process of the development of the
science of proletarian and analyses the epochal contributions of Mao
Tes-tung as its foremost milestone. The author argues that the Great
Proletarian Cultural Revolution was the third greatest lighthouse of
proletarian revolution after the the Paris Commune and the October
Revolution and the problems of socialism and the causes of capitalist
restoration can be understood and new editions of the October
Revolution can be created only in its light.
We are publishing two other booklets in the Dayitvabodh reprint
series with this booklet, they are: ‘Immortal are the Flames of
Proletarian Struggles’ and ‘Problems of Socialism, Capitalist
Restoration and the Great Proletarian Cultural revolution.’
We believe that this will be important and thought-provoking
material for proletarian revolutionaries and left intellectuals as well as
for all those who are interested in reading about the development of
Marxist science.
— Rahul Foundatuion





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